[python] Python Console Input & Output Tutorial

Python Console Input & Output Tutorial

In this tutorial we learn how to use Python's input() function to take values from the console, and the print() function to display data in the console.

How to output to the console with the print() function

The print() function contains all the functionality needed to output text to the console.

When the interpreter encounters the print() statement, it will try to print everything we write between the parentheses ( ) to the console.

Even though we haven’t covered functions and function calls yet, we will be using print() so much that it’s important to learn about it early on.

How to print() text and numbers

To print text we wrap a word or sentence inside a pair of single or double quotes and pass it as an argument to the print() method between the parentheses.

Example: print() a string (text)
print('Hello World')

print("Hello there")

Single characters and letters form what’s known as a string and must always be wrapped in between quotes. The same does not apply for numbers, we write numbers without quotes.

Example:
 print(10)

How to do arithmetic and print() the result

We can do arithmetic directly inside the argument list of the print() function. The interpreter will calculate the result before printing it to the console.

Example:
print(1 + 2)
print(9 - 5)
print(3 * 4)
print(6 / 2)

How to combine (concatenate) letters and numbers

Concatenation is when we combine multiple strings, or numbers and strings, to form a larger string.

In Python there are multiple ways to concatenate strings and numbers. For the print() function, we can simply separate our strings and numbers with a comma operator and it will combine them.

Example: combine strings and numbers
 print("The answer to the ultimate question of life is, ", 42)

When concatenating strings and numbers, we have to separate the strings and numbers in the order we want to combine them.

Example:
 print("If you had", 1, "shot, or", 1, "opportunity, to seize...")

In the examples above, the interpreter converts the numbers into strings and inserts them into the chosen positions in the string.

We cannot perform arithmetic with numbers that are already converted into strings.

How to print() data containers

We can store data inside a data container, like a variable, and then print the variable. The print() function will then try to print the contents of the data container.

Don’t worry if you don’t understand variables yet, we will cover them in the next lesson.

Example: print a variable
msg = "Hello World"

print(msg)

We use the name of our data container, “msg” in this case, as the argument for the print() method.

We could do the same with more complex data containers like lists.

Example: print a list
shopping = ["Bread", "Milk"]

print(shopping)

How to take input from the console with the input() function

We can use the input() method to take data in from the console. It will read the keystrokes as a string object and can be stored into a data container.

Example: receive console data
 input("Please enter your name: ")

You will be able to click inside the console and type some text. The argument we specified between the parentheses of the output() method is simply the text we see in the console before it asks us for input.

If you are working in PyCharm the console will show in the Run tab. You can interact with it there.

Right now we’ve received input, but we’re not storing or using it in any way. We can store it into a data container such as a variable and then print the input received.

Example: store console input
# store input into data container x
x = input("Please enter your name: ")

# print the data container's value
print("Welcome", x)

If we run the example above, it will ask us to enter a name. Once we enter a name, and hit Enter/Return on the keyboard, it will display the welcome message we set up in the print statement.

Basically, whatever we type will replace the x in the code above.

Summary: Points to remember

  • We can use the input() function to receive input from the console.
    • We can store the input into a data container to easily work with the data.
  • We can use the print() function to output text to the console.
    • We can output text with the print() function if we wrap the words or sentences in either single or double quotes.
    • We can do arithmetic directly inside the print() function’s argument list.
    • Numbers do not need to be wrapped inside quotes.
    • A simple and easy way to concatenate our text and numbers is by separating them with quotes in the print() function argument list.
    • We can store data into data containers and use their names in the print() method to output their data.

 

 

[출처] https://www.koderhq.com/tutorial/python/console-io/

 

 

본 웹사이트는 광고를 포함하고 있습니다.
광고 클릭에서 발생하는 수익금은 모두 웹사이트 서버의 유지 및 관리, 그리고 기술 콘텐츠 향상을 위해 쓰여집니다.
번호 제목 글쓴이 날짜 조회 수
380 [python 인터넷] How to Select CheckBox and Radio Button in Selenium WebDriver 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 1
379 [python 인터넷] [Python] Selenium 사용하기 (+PhantomJS) file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 0
378 [python 인터넷] Python Selenium(셀레니움) 크롬창 활성 탭 변경하기 file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 1
377 [python 인터넷 ,selenium] selenium iframe 처리하기 file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 2
376 [python 인터넷] Selenium에서 특정 element가 갑자기 클릭이 되지 않을 때 (python) 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 0
375 [python 인터넷] Selenium Python button 클릭 file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 0
374 [python 인터넷] Tor browser 로 selenium webdriver 크롤링 ip 우회 [Windosws] 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 2
373 [python 인터넷] 파이썬 셀레니움을 이용한 DC인사이드 자동 글쓰기 file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.26 24
372 [Python 인공지능] TextRank 를 이용한 키워드 추출과 핵심 문장 추출 (구현과 실험) file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.22 0
371 [python][image processing][파이썬][이미지프로세싱] 파이썬 영상 처리 (OpenCV) file 졸리운_곰 2021.11.12 2
» [python] Python Console Input & Output Tutorial 졸리운_곰 2021.11.06 2
369 [Python 데이터분석] [pandas] 공공데이터(csv) 활용시 한글 깨짐 현상 해결 file 졸리운_곰 2021.09.30 7
368 [Python 데이터분석] 공공데이터포털::공휴일 데이터 조회 (REST API) file 졸리운_곰 2021.09.30 0
367 [Python 데이터 분석] pandas의 to_csv()를 사용해서 csv 파일로 저장하기(save 하기) 졸리운_곰 2021.09.29 0
366 [Python 데이터 분석] 데이터 과학을 단순하게 만드는 3가지 Python 패키지 file 졸리운_곰 2021.09.24 5
365 [Python][Dash] DASH PLOTLY 설치부터 튜토리얼까지 졸리운_곰 2021.09.11 3
364 python - 국가공휴일 데이터 가져오기 (data.go.kr) file 졸리운_곰 2021.09.05 8
363 [python][web] Separate Front-end from Back-end with Flask+AJAX file 졸리운_곰 2021.08.13 4
362 [python][파이썬 조건문(if-elif-else)] 졸리운_곰 2021.07.24 9
361 [python] 파이썬 for 문 졸리운_곰 2021.07.24 9
대표 김성준 주소 : 경기 용인 분당수지 U타워 등록번호 : 142-07-27414
통신판매업 신고 : 제2012-용인수지-0185호 출판업 신고 : 수지구청 제 123호 개인정보보호최고책임자 : 김성준 sjkim70@stechstar.com
대표전화 : 010-4589-2193 [fax] 02-6280-1294 COPYRIGHT(C) stechstar.com ALL RIGHTS RESERVED