Type JavaScript Examples: | Output Timing: s |
Quick reference to basic JavaScript commands. Search online for tutorials
Comment |
// this is a one-line comment /* this comment could contain linebreaks */ |
Constant | numbers 12.3 and strings "hi", "hi".charAt(0) is "h" |
Variable | start with a letter, then use letters, digits or _ (declared with var) |
Expression | built from +, -, *, /, pow(x,y), sqrt(), PI, E, log(),
floor(), ceil(), random(), sin(), cos(), tan(), atan() and constants, variables, functions |
Assignment |
v = expression; |
Block |
{ statement 1; ... statement n; } |
Condition | expression == expression or <=, <, >, >=,
!=... or !cond, cond1 && cond2, cond1 || cond2 |
if - else |
if (condition) block 1 else block 2 // optional |
for-loop |
for (var i=start; endcondition; i++) block |
while-loop |
while (condition) block |
Function |
f = function(v1, ..., vn) { statement 1; ... return expression; } |
List (array) |
a = [1,2,"hi"] a[0] is 1, a.length is 3, a+[4] is [1,2,"hi",4] |
Object (hash tables) |
object = {attribute:expression, method:function} a = {x:2, y:3, s:function(){return this.x+this.y}} a.x is 3, a["x"] is 3, a.s() is 5 |
Output |
write("Hello"); writeln(" world"); |
This page is useful for experimenting with basic JavaScript and simple algorithms (e.g. those covered in a discrete mathematics course). It should work in any browser that has JavaScript enabled (including smartphone browsers).
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